Argentine Winemakers Put Water Resources And Soil Health As Top Priorities

Argen­ti­na is one of the fas­test-gro­wing New World wine expor­ters, an exci­ting region of diver­se terroirs and highly dedi­ca­ted pro­du­cers. Most of the country’s vine­yards surround the foothills of the Andes Moun­tains, exten­ding into a ran­ge of envi­ron­ments inclu­ding cooler southern lati­tu­des, high-alti­tu­de sites, arid plains, and newly explo­red Atlan­tic vineyards.

Most of the mois­tu­re supplying Argen­ti­ne vine­yards ori­gi­na­tes high in the Andes Moun­tains in the form of gla­ciers and mel­ting snow­fall. Many gro­wers have noti­ced what seems to be a cli­ma­tic chan­ge in the amount of mois­tu­re avai­la­ble in ground­wa­ter and for agri­cul­tu­ral pur­po­ses. Water con­ser­va­tion mea­su­res are cons­tant priorities.

Water is the main resour­ce that we need to pro­tect,” says Anne Bous­quet, pre­si­dent of Domai­ne Bous­quet in Gual­ta­llary, Uco Valley, which is loca­ted in the Men­do­za region. She says that water has beco­me a limi­ted resour­ce, and wor­king with res­tric­tions means lea­ning on new inno­va­tions. “Water pre­ser­va­tion is a pres­sing issue that we are tac­kling through sus­tai­na­ble tech­no­lo­gies, like drip irri­ga­tion and high per­for­man­ce water treat­ment plants which reuse water from the wine­ma­king process.”

Domai­ne Bous­quet has uti­li­zed orga­nic and rege­ne­ra­ti­ve far­ming sin­ce its vine­yards were plan­ted in 1999. “This allows us to pre­ser­ve the qua­lity, health and bio­di­ver­sity of our soils and their ecosys­tems, which sub­se­quently can absorb grea­ter quan­ti­ties of CO2 than con­ven­tio­nally far­med soils,” says Bousquet.

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